Free Falling

Free Falling

  1. Free falling is a motion under force of gravity as the only force acting on the moving object.
  2. Practically, free falling can only take place in vacuum.

Gravitational Acceleration

  1. The gravitational acceleration is the acceleration of an object due to the pull of the gravitational force. It has the unit of ms-2
  2. The symbol of gravitational acceleration is " g ".
  3. Gravitational acceleration does not depend on the mass of the moving object.
  4. The magnitude of gravitational acceleration is taken to be 10ms-2.

Gravitational Field Strength vs. Gravitational Acceleration

  1. Both the gravitational field strength and gravitational acceleration have the symbol, g and the same value (10ms-2) on the surface of the earth.
  2. When considering a body falling freely, the g is the gravitational acceleration.
  3. When considering objects at rest, g is the Earth’s gravitational field strength acting on it.

Case of Free Falling 1 - Falling from High Place

When an object is released from a high place,
  1. its initial velocity, u = 0.
  2. its acceleration is equal to the gravitational acceleration, g, which taken to be 10ms-2 in SPM.
  3. the displacement is the of the object when it reaches the ground is equal to the initial height of the object, h.

Case of Free Falling 2 - Launching Object Upward

If an object is launched up vertically,
  1. the acceleration = -g (-10ms-2)
  2. the velocity become zero when the object reaches the highest point.
  3. the displacement of the object at highest point is equal to the vertical height of object, h
  4. the time taken for the object to move to the maximum height = the time taken for the object to fall from the maximum point to its initial position.