# Energy Consumption

### Energy Consumption

#### Calculating the cost of electricity consumption

1. The amount of electrical energy consumed in a given time:
2. The larger the power rating in the electrical appliance, the higher energy is used for every second.
3. The longer the usage time, the higher electrical energy is consumed.
4. The cost of electricity consumption is based on the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electrical energy used.
5. The kilowatt-hours are sometimes known as the domestic units of electricity.
6. The kilowatt-hour (kWh) is the energy used by a device at a rate of 1000 watts in one hour.
1 kWh = (1000 W) × (60 × 60 s) = 3.6 MJ

Example:
If TNB charges 22 cents for each kWh of electrical energy used, calculate the total cost of using a 2kW electric kettle for 15 minutes and a 20 W filament bulb for 8 hours.

$E 1 = P 1 t 1 E 1 =(2kW)( 15 60 h)=0.5kWh$
$E 2 = P 2 t 2 E 1 =(0.02kW)(8h)=0.16kWh$
$E= E 1 + E 2 E=0.5+0.16=0.66kWh$
$Cost=0.66×22cent=14.52cent$